Saturday, March 21, 2015

More Grafting. 3.21.15
Image of Ember Plum from Starks.

Ember Plum Scion.  3.21.15
 More grafting.  The plum rootstock is Hollywood Plum grown from cuttings last year.  Hollywood is a hybrid of Prunus cerasifera, which I think makes it a variation of Myrobalan which is used for rootstocks.  I didn't know what to do with the plum saplings so no waste if it doesn't take.

Ember Plum is one of the scions from Fedco, arrived Thursday.  I kept in fridge in plastic with wet paper towel, just 2 days.  The scion looks healthy.

Some photos were too blurry to use.  I did whip and tongue, but the photo that showed the whip and tongue together was too blurry.

Wrapped in Parafilm.  It's more awkward than polyethylene, still not sure what I think about using parafilm.  At the top of the scion, I melted the parafilm using a match.

I don't know if I have the finesse to do whip/tongue on plums which are more delicate than apple and pear.   If it doesn't take, it's my fault, not the scion which looks healthy and viable.

The rootstock Hollywood plum has grown about 1 to 2 inches of new growth, with healthy leaves.  I don't know how that will affect take of graft.  Impression is it is OK for rootstock to be growing, but scion needs to be dormant.

Matching size of scion and stock.  3.21.15

Diagonal cuts.  3.21.15
Fedco gives description of Ember as "(Prunus salicina Shiro x P. americana South Dakota #33) U Minn, 1936. Medium-sized roundish-conic slightly pointed mostly red-blushed fruit with a medium bloom. Rich yellow juicy sweet flesh is very firm and meaty but tender. Recommended for cooking and fresh eating. Tastes and looks like an apricot."  Since I have so much trouble growing apricots, maybe this will work better.  Stark's image of Ember does not look like apricot to me.
Final Graft.  3.21.15

Redfield Apple Scion.  3.21.15

Redfield Whip and Tongue.  3.21.15
 The Redfield apple is a red-leaf variety that is red and white inside the apple.  The young wood inside the scion is also colored with streaks of red.  The flowers are pink and the leaves appear to have reddish color as well.  Japanese link. gives Redfield as "Parentage: Wolf River x malus pumila niedzwetzkyana Originates from: United States Introduced: 1938 Developed by: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, NY " and states not for fresh eating, juice is red.  Might be good for apple sauce and pies.  Other sites state Redfield is good for cider and jelly.

This went onto a scion that I forgot to label, has good roots and starting to grow at the top.

I think this rootstock was from the old Yellow Delicious semidwarf but could have been a minidwarf from removal of prior suckers from Jonagold.  Either is OK.  A little better scion/stock match compared to the last grafting attempt.

I wasn't sure if the parafilm was tight enough, so added rubber band.  Obviously I'm still no expert.

Final Redfield Apple Graft.  3.21.15


  1. You wrap your Parafilm a lot thicker then mind. My tape was 2 in wide and have paper backing. I know whip and tongue is a better way to go but its pretty hard to have a sharp clean cut with my knife. I guess I have to practice first and shape my knife too. I made too many blunt cuts that shred the tissue. Mind looks nothing like yours and I know what I did wrong. Sadly my plum graft fell off or knock off by birds because I didn't use the tape; I went back with the tree sealer because I ran out of tape. Its getting to warm to graft any apples. Maybe there's a slime chance for cherries still. Wow I like your redfield apple, red wood plus red juice coming out of the flesh sounds a little scary. I grafted a Pink Pearl 2 yrs back and it got pinkish red flesh too. It got a pearly skin and if you didn't know the flesh is red when you bite into it, you'll shock yourself.

  2. I thin you are right about the knife. If it is shredding the tissue, probably not very sharp.
    I read that birds like to perch on grafts. Have not seen that yet.
    I could see being shocked about biting into a red apple. Redfield is reported as very tart, not good for fresh but good for pears, juice, cider, maybe apple sauce. It will be a few years before I know,
    Good luck with your other grafts. Keep me posted!